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Marmaris Located where the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea join you will find a large natural harbor surrounded by pine-clad hills and forests...



Located where the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea join you will find a large natural harbor surrounded by pine-clad hills and forests. This is Marmaris, often referred to as the Jewel of the Turkish Riviera. Served by the Airports of Dalaman (≈ 85Km) Bodrum (≈ 165 KM) Izmir (≈ 320KM) and Antalya (≈ 590 KM) Marmaris is easily reached by Air (or by sea for the more adventurous traveler) Other resorts all within easy reach of Marmaris are Icmeler, Turunc, Datca, Gocek and Dalyan. Marmaris is an excellent starting point for a Blue Cruise of the Aegean, either on board a traditional Turkish Gulet or by modern sailing yacht and the region is ideal for water sports or sailing. Marmaris offers lots of opportunity for the “non seafarer” too, daily excursions can be made to Selcuk, (Ephesus, House of the Virgin Mary) Pamukkale, Antique cities of Aphrodisias and Hierapolis, Kaunos, Thermal Mud Baths, Iztuzu Beach (Turtle Beach), Lycean Rock Tombs, Tios and Ulupinar. It is also possible to take a Day Return Ferry Trip to the Greek Island of Rhodes: Traveling out of Marmaris is not a must though; the Resort offers lots of entertainment day and nighttime for all the family. Marmaris is one of the most attractive naturel harbours backed by the rugged pine-clad mountains,with an elegant palm lined promenade leading to a busy marina,splendid beached and acrystal clear sea which is ideal for swimming ,water sports and sailing. Marmaris is one of the most beautiful resorts of the Aegean region and leading yachting centre of the East Mediterranean. Among Turks it is known us “Green Marmaris”becouse of its landscape that is covered with a pine forests.the Bay of Marmaris is a very well protected naturel post with a pier for ships and several marinas for hundreds of yacths from all over the world. The town has many modern facilities for tourists apart form intact natural beauties. Moreover the peaople of Marmaris always warmly welcome both the foreing and the local visitors. After dinner,along the seafront restourants or in and around the town ,you may want to spend the rest of the night at one of the lively bars, discos or nigth clubs located mainly at the Bar Street. There are many different types excursions,which complement the vist to Marmaris. These may be half of full day tours ranging from canoe trips, horseback rides, treks, yacht tours, exploring villages, jeep safari and visit to Ephesus,Pamukkale,Dalyan and Caunos. Marmaris and its environs boast have the coastlines and bays as intricate as fine lace ,where the blue of sea and the sky, and the green of the pine forests embrace one another. Nature exhibits images one more spectacular than the other as far as the eye can see. Sites of natural beauty are available not only far a few months or a mere season,but encompass the whole year and welcome all nature lovers,local and foreigner alike. Marmaris and its environs are also magnificent and beautiful in terms of nature, as much as they are rich in and impressive in terms of the archaelogy that sheds light on this past. Aside from the natural beauty of the region, historic Caria and the countless ancient cities in some of their names still continue to elude us carry the centuries-old heritage to the present day. Ancient cities that can be reached and visited a day departing and returning to Marmaris pass on the cultural herştage of Anotalia, the Aegean and the Mediterranean to the present day.

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Marmaris in history

There has been a settlement in Marmaris since the 3rd centaury BC, originally a Carian military base the city held a strategic position protecting the trade routs to the Cities of Milas, Bodrum, Datca and Dalyan. As is to be expected for such a strategic position many rules followed, Egyptian, Lydian, Ionian, Pergamon, Roman, Byzantine, Selcuk and Ottoman to name but a few. It was under the Ottoman rule in the 15th century that Suleyman the Magnificent ordered the building of a fortress from which he could launch an attack on the Knights of St. John in their base in Rhodes, the remains of the Castle can still be viewed today a little to the North of the City. Notwithstanding Suleyman the Magnificent, the city has hosted many famous visitors over the years. Cleopatra was rumored to favor the beaches and health giving waters of the region and it was in Marmaris harbor also that in the late 17th Century Admiral Nelson sheltered his fleet on route to Egypt to defeat Napoleons Armada in the Battle of Aboukir. Today Marmaris is a both a bustling holiday resort and sleepy fishing village, surrounded by Pine forested hills, magnificent beaches with breathtaking views. History is never far away though making Marmaris an ideal starting point to visit and explore the many historical sights and museums of Southwestern Turkey. The ancient name of Marmaris was Physkos, and the city was developed as a port for Caria. There is not much of the ancient remains surviving. You can see some of the ruins to the north, on Asartepe Hill. However, these are very limited in number and would only be of interest to archaeologists. The known history of Marmaris goes back to 900 BC. In the Hellenistic era it was under the rule of the Seleucids for a time and later was controlled by the Romans, Byzantines and, in the 13th century, the Menteşeoğulları. The Ottoman Sultan Sьleyman the Magnificent conquered the city in 1522. From here he launched his successful campaign to capture the island of Rhodes. When initially a part of the Ottoman Empire, Marmaris was called Mimaras, with this later being changed to Mermeris and finally to its present name. Between 1919 and 1921, Marmaris came under the control of the Italians. Following this, the town, now a part of the Turkish Republic, was the home to fishermen and sponge nodivers until the 1980s.

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Other ancient cities that are within the borders of the Marmaris region are as follow:

Amos (Hisarцnь-Turunз), Byabassos (Hisarцnь), Syma (Bayır Kцyь-village), Larymna (Bozburun), Thyssanos (Sцğьt), Phoinix (Taşlıca), Loryma (Bozukkale), Kasara (Serзe Limanı-Port), Kedria (Sedir Adası-Island), Euthena and Amnistos (Karacasцğьt). Including Shyskos, all these were Carian cities. However, little remains from these cities, with there being no more than some walls and ruins of castles.


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Icmeler is famous district of Marmaris with its great beach.Although Icmeler has small beach,it prefered by the people.Because Icmeler has big holiday centers and buildings.You can reach Marmaris in 10 minutes by shared taxi.If you are interest in nodiving,windsurf ..etc sports, Marmaris will take you. Icmeler is more silent than Marmaris.Icmeler have lots of alternatives fo eating,drinking and fun.

Dalyan is 5000 years old historical place. And it has great green plant cover. Dalyans best features are healing hot springs and healing mud baths. Iztuzu Beach is very important place of Dalyan.İztuzu Beachs another feature;Caretta turtles lay eggs here.Dalyans beach is the one in the world.Because one side Akdeniz another side is fresh water.Beach like gold and water like crystal.Dalyan Delta is a haven for bird observers.Hot springs must be seen.Ekincik Cov is preferenced by yachting people.

Turuncs old name Loryma Peninsula the present name Bozburun Peninsula, you can reach Marmaris for 30 minute by bus or boat. Turunc is near the Pine tree covered mountain. Turunc sea, shine while morning light.Turunc has a beatiful cove of Ege. Four stars otels and pensions serve and you can join the blu journey.You can see the tracks of lived civilizations ingreat green forests,mountain villages . The biggest civilization track is “Amos” city ruins. Turunc have big plans for the future.So it known by other countries.And Turunc rewarded by blue flag.Blue flag is a reward that is gave by Europa Environment Education Aware.



Best open green spaces in Europe: DALYAN

Dalyan honored with best open spaces in europe 2008 awards by The Times Travel Green Spaces Award. A small village in an area of outstanding natural beauty, Dalyan is historic, unhurried and very hard to leave. Set on the south west corner of Turkeys Mediterranean coast, Dalyan is an unspoilt village surrounded by pine-clad hills, cotton fields and miles of untouched coastline. A traditional little fishing village nestling on the riverbank near Lake Kцycegiz, its close to the astonishing rock tombs carved out of the local cliffs 2,500 years ago.

The surrounding area is a green valley – a unique setting for a relaxing holiday to Turkey, and just made for exploring. So if you like to do far more than stretch out in the sun, Dalyans rich tapestry of history, mystery, nature and wonder is for you. At just 25 km from Dalaman airport, transfer times are refreshingly short too. Set inland on the banks of the Dalyan River, the village of Dalyan is a peaceful holiday backwater unspoilt by mass tourism. The romance of the place is heightened each morning as a fleet of gaily-painted boats chug off down the river carrying holidaymakers to the glorious sandy beaches at the mouth of the river delta. Starting from Dalyan Harbour the voyage through beds of bulrushes and pampas grass takes around 45 enjoyable minutes – the entire Delta is a protected National Conservation area and is home to over 100 species of birds along with no less than three varieties of turtle, including the Loggerhead Caretta Caretta. A popular activity among tourists visiting Dalyan is to take a mud bath on the bank of the river. The mud supposedly contains minerals such as calcium and magnesium which are beneficial for the skin and overall health. There are also hot natural water springs a little distance away from Dalyan but also accessible by boat.

Dalyan itself lies inland, but there is a magnificent four kilometre long, white sand beach just around the corner from Dalyan harbour – take boat trips from here to get a great look at the picturesque coast. There are plenty of activities to keep you occupied including scuba nodiving, white water rafting and mountain biking. Take a little longer on the boat, and youll reach gorgeous Iztuzu beach, whose fine white shelving sands make it ideal for sunbathing and swimming. It is also a conservation area and one of the last nesting grounds of the endangered loggerhead turtle. The best time to see them is at dawn from May to September. This charming beach rarely gets crowded, too, so its picture-perfect in more ways than one.

The ancient rock tombs of the Kings have become another symbol of Dalyan after the famous Sea Turtles, Caretta Carettas. Although there are many rock tombs around the area, the most famous are those which look direct to the Dalyan town from the opposite side of the river. These tombs are the resting places of the Kings of Caunos. They are carved in the style of Lycian rock tombs. The ruins of the ancient city of Caunos are close by and can by reached by boat or on foot. It was originally on the sea, but its harbour gradually silted up and felt into disuse. It has only been partially excavated but the remains are extensive and include a theatre dating from the 2nd century BC, Roman baths, temple of Apollo and agora or marketplace.

Iztuzu is the second most important site for endangered loggerheads in Turkey, and with its hinterland of briny lakes and reed-fringed river channels, arguably its most beautiful beach. But when I first visited it in 1990 I was chilled by the sight of a great slab of concrete – the foundations, I later discovered, of a government-approved1800-bed holiday village.

The story of how a handful of Turkish and European conservationists, galvanized by English Turtle Lady June Haimoff, saved Iztuzu from development is remarkable.

For several summers Haimoff had lived in a wooden hut on the beach, alongside families from the town, and had watched the huge females digging their nests (even saving one from a knife-wielding local man who wanted its shell for a cradle) and had rescued hatchlings that were disorientated by the artificial lights and noise from the settlement.

Eventually the huts were dismantled but, unknown to the conservationists, permission was given for the much more damaging holiday complex instead. When bulldozers arrived on the beach Haimoff sent a frantic telegram to the WWF. Prince Philip, as president of the WWF, asked the Turkish Prime Minister to delay the project, to allow an environmental impact study to be carried out.

This was done, the Prime Minister acted, and in the summer of 1988 the beach, along with the areas red pine and sweet gum forests and marshlands, was given SPA (Special Environmental Protection Area) status and the building project cancelled.

News of Dalyan and its turtles spread fast and soon the town became a tourist hot spot. I myself have been back many times, usually in non-peak times, but until I was asked to assess it for an Open Spaces award I had no idea that the beach was so heavily visited – up to 5000 people in a single day in the high season. Many of these are day trippers who arrived on large boats, are transferred to river boats to visit the various sites around Dalyan, and finish off with a swim on Iztuzu. But despite this influx, the protection, which includes a demarcated nesting zone where digging, using umbrellas, or lying is forbidden and a 1-mile exclusion zone for speedboats and jet skis, is working: a 21-year monitoring programme of the turtles, currently being undertaken by a team from the University of Pamukkale, shows that the population is stable and that the number of nests is slightly increasing. The students locate the nests, put metal cages over them to prevent foxes or dogs digging them up, and are on hand when the hatchlings emerge.

The tourist facilities at either end of the beach are sympathetically designed to minimize environmental impact. The cafes, cabins, sunbeds (which are nearing their permitted maximum of 850) and boardwalks are made of wood, the roofs from reeds; brackish water is used for the showers, toilets and cafйs, and the waste water is removed daily.

There are plenty of litter bins, with separate containers for recycling waste at the delta end; and the Belediye, (Municipality) which manages the facilities, uses the revenue from the sunbeds, beach entry fees and cafes to clean the shore daily, to provide jobs for local people and for services in the town.

The greenest way to reach the beach is by bike, and its an exhilarating climb through the resinous mountain road, with panoramic views of the beach and the lakes from a number of roadside pancake houses.

Theres a co-operatively run dolmus (minibus) service too, which takes the same route, and a fleet of co-op river taxis which travel at 5mph down through the reedbeds. This gentle pace is the official speed limit for the delta, but patrols are rare and conservationists are concerned that the reedbeds are degrading, especially at the mouth of the river, partly because of the wash from powerful, fast-moving boats.

On the beach, however, the 24-hour patrols by SPA officials ensure that the demands of mass tourism and of the Caretta caretta turtles, which have become Dalyans unofficial logo, remain in balance.

Its not perfect, says June Haimoff, who would like to see many more signs, fewer sunbeds and an environmental tax levied on day trippers, but it is a magnificent beach and we are very lucky that we have protection for the turtles.



Cheshme (Cesme) lies (~ 80 Km) west of Izmir on Turkeys Aegean coast, it is within easy reach of Izmir or Adanan Mendres International Airport (via a modern 6 lane highway) and can also be reached by ferry from the Italian port of Brindisi, or the Greek Island of Chios (in Turkish called Sakiz)
The name Cheshme (“Cheshme” derived from the Turkish word for Fountain) has always been a popular summer resort for the residents of nearby Izmir and over recent years the “secrets” of Cheshme have been discovered by an ever growing number of European tourists.


The region is a combination of rich agricultural land enclosing unspoiled turquoise bays with beaches of fine white sand and (as its name suggests) natural hot water springs.

The choices of accommodation range from “supreme 5 Star luxury” to “friendly homely pension” and with a wealth of day and nighttime entertainment available too, this makes Cheshme the perfect destination for a fun relaxing holiday in the sun for all the family.

You will find the Cheshme peninsula about way down the Aegean coast of Turkey at its most western point. It is less than 1 Hours drive from the City of Izmir and Adanan Menderes International Airport.

Cheshme is renowned for Thermal Spas, Blue Seas and Golden Beaches, which range from crowded to remote and secluded. There are about 20 of them spread around the peninsular so transport is necessary to get to any of them. One option is to use one of the many the public "Dolmus" (Mini bus) services or just take Taxi. You could also hire a Car or Motorcycle for the day too and explore the peninsular at your own pace and convenience. Cheshme town itself is a “compact” and “bustling” collection of Souvenir, Leather, Carpet, Clothing, Footwear and Jewelry stores punctuated by Bars, Discos Bistros, Restaurants, Coffeehouses and Ice Cream stalls. There are also a fair number of Pharmacies (Eczani) around so you can take on extra supplies of Sun Tan oils or After Sun Balm in case you happen to "overdo it" in the first few days of your vacation.

The central waterfront of Cheshme stretches from the yacht harbor to the south and a public beach to the north with the Castle taking center stage. It is mainly a collection of hostelries and Travel Agencies but you also find there the PTT, the Tourist Information Center, the Ferry Port for day trips to the island of Chios and in case of Emergency a Tourist Police Station. A casual visitor should have little trouble finding accommodation, Cesme boasts over 10,000 Tourist Hotel beds, ranging from small and friendly Pensions to 5 Star Luxury Hotels or Holiday Villages, something to match every budget. One good starting point for accommodation is the Tourist Information Center another is to surf inside this site and work out your own arrangements. There are plenty of Travel Agencies in Cheshme who are ready and willing to help. Another option is of course the ubiquitous Taxi drivers who always "Have a friend." Finally for the really adventurous ones amongst you, the, walk the streets and ask, method works well too. Cheshme is a pretty coastal town situated about 70 km from Izmir in Western Anatolia. Its history can be dated as far back as 3000BC. In around 2000 BC Leleghs, who were native Anatolean people, settled in the area. For a variety of reasons there seems to have been an influx of people from Greece who came across the Aegean sea from the islands but the Leleghs were still the dominant force.Research also revealed, there seems to have been a small settlement to the East of Зesme called Kalemburnu. The area came under the dominance of the Lydians in the 6th century BC and throughout its history it was also controlled by the Romans and Alexander the Great. In or around 334BC the area became independent and flourished due to its connection with the Roman Empire. In the 3rd century AD it lost its influence and its development was curtailed. It wasnt until a famous Turkish chief Emir Chaka used the Cheshme peninsula as a base for his sea wars against the Aegean islands that Зesme became important again. In the 13th century the Germian Lord was Sasa Bey and in the 14th century the area was conquered by Aydinogullari and was settled by them.

The Cheshme Peninsula, lapped by the waters of the Aegean Sea, lies west of Izmir. Cheshme, meaning fountain, derives from the many sources of water found in the area. It is one of Turkeys most beautiful stretches — surrounded by clear blue seas, with landscapes of cultivated fields of aniseed, sesame and artichokes dotted with fig and gum trees. In the unspoilt bays you can swim in absolute peace. Visitors will find excellent holiday accommodations, restaurants and sports and entertainment facilities. A 14th century Genoese fortress, restored and enlarged by the Ottomans in the 16th century, dominates the small port of Cheshme, 80 km from Izmir. Today, the town is a popular holiday resort with excellent accommodations and restaurants; the 16th century caravanserai near the fortress, built by Suleyman the Magnificent, has been converted into a hotel while the Church of Agios Haralambos has been restored as an art gallery. Thermal baths offer a health centered escape from modern life. Excellent shopping — the finest quality carpets, leather goods, as well as souvenir items — is available; at night a lively, fun atmosphere pervades, especially in the restaurants, cafes, bars and discos along the promenade. Yachts can be hired to explore the peninsulas splendid coastline. Cheshme hosts an annual Internadonal Song Contest in July.

The very popular holiday center of Ilica boasts an excellent white sand beach and the outstanding facilities of the Altin Yunus Marina and Holiday Complex. The bay here is ideal for water sports, especially windsurfing and sailing. The thermal baths around Ilica are very popular; the best being located on Sifne Bay. Pasa Limani has a camp site which offers campers comfortable facilities. Every July on Ilica Bay, the colorful International Cakabey Optimist Yacht race is held.

Ildiri, a quiet seaside village 20 km. northeast of Cheshme, was ancient Erythrai. Those who climb up to the Acropolis at dusk are rewarded with beautiful views as the sun sinks over the bay and islands. Nearby is Gerence Gulf, a pristine inlet on the northeast Cheshme peninsula which can be reached by yacht or car. The natural surroundings offer relaxation while the bay is ideal for water sports.

Dalyan, a fishing village, built on a sheltered deep water inlet just north of Cheshme, has some of the regions best fish restaurants which border the quay of the lively marina.

Tourist are attracted by Ciftliks many accommodations and by a long, sandy beach (Pirlanta Plaj) just outside of town to the southwest. Camping facilities are available to the south and nearby stretches one of the areas best beaches, the Altinkum Plaj (Golden Beach).

Windmills, some of which have been converted into attractive restaurants, dot the hill above Alacati, a delightful and typical Aegean town. Alacati lies to the south inland from Ilica and the coast; a couple of kilometers to the south is a good beach. Many lovely bays, accessible only by yacht, stretch along the coast southeast of the town and ensure peaceful and relaxing anchorages in this popular sailing region.

Known in ancient times as Clazomenae, Urla Iskelesi offers a marina as well as plentiful accommodations in all price ranges. Restaurants on the top of Guvendik hill afford a marvellous view of the bay and its islands.

The prosperous little fishing village of Cesmealti is notable for its simple yet excellent fish restaurants.

As you drive along the panoramic Karaburun peninsula coast road, you pass several peaceful bays and quaint fishing villages Balikliova, Mordogan and Karaburun. At Karaburun, pleasant hotels, tea gardens and fish restaurants sit between the beautiful mountain backdrop and the clear, clean water. From Manastir Mountain you can enjoy an unforgettable view of the Karaburun coast, the Foca coastline opposite and the entrance of the Gulf of Izmir.

On the southern side of the Cheshme peninsula near the town of Seferihisar is the small picturesque marina of Sigacik. This important yachting center is surrounded by fortifications dating from the Genoese period and is a good point from which to visit the Temple of Dionysus at the antique site of Teos as well as the lovely Akkum beach.

Gumuldur has excellent tourist facilities – beautiful beaches, restaurants and hotels. Nearby at Ahmetbeyli (Claros) to the east, stand the Apollon Temple and the remains of the colossal statue of Apollo; here you can also enjoy a good fish meal or a swim at the towns wide beach. A winding panoramic coastal road leads from Ahmetbeyli south to Pamucak beach.

The main route to Cheshme is via the modern 6 lane highway connecting Izmir and Cheshme, whether arriving at Adanan Menderes International Airport or overland.

It is normal for Airport arrivals to be transferred by the tour operator or the accommodating hotel and a regular coach service opperates from the Ьзkuyular district of Izmir operating times are:

Every 20 minutes between 6 a.m.-9.30 p.m. in the Summer Months
Every 45 minutes between 7 a.m.-7 p.m. during the Winter Months.

Reaching Cheshme from the Airport using public transport can be is a little difficult so if possible at all try to arrange your Airport Transfer ahead of your visit.
However if you are not faint hearted and you intend to use public transport, your main mission is to get from the Airport to the Ьзkuyular bus station (“Ьзkuyular otobos gar”) which is where the Izmir / Cheshme bus leaves from. There are a number of ways to achieve this.